What Does the “Internet of Things” Mean for Developing Countries?

What does the “Internet of Things” bring to mind?

In wealthy economies, it might be Amazon’s “Dash” that allows customers to get a new supply of cat litter at the push of a button. Or, it might be sensors that track workouts and calories burned.

But for people in Niger, a country where 60% of the population lives below the poverty line, 60% lack access to clean water, and only 10% of households have electricity, the Internet of Things looks much different.

For the 80% of Nigeriens who live in rural communities, the possibilities brought by the Internet of Things can be life-changing. Mobile phones and technology have already made an immediate impact for rural communities. For example, there are apps that track children’s vaccine schedules, so parents know exactly when to make the long trip to the hospital. Through apps that translate text to voice, illiterate individuals can understand important text messages from their doctors, friends, or family.

The Internet of Things has the potential to make an even greater impact. Innovations like mobile-powered drip irrigation systems for rural farmers, apps that monitor well-water levels, and sensors that track the nutritional intake of children, are on the horizon. The technology to advance these solutions is audacious but within reach; its realization depends on investment, drive and collaboration. USAID’s Global Development Lab and mSTAR are taking on this challenge, working together to reduce onerous barriers to adoption and putting these transformative technologies in the hands of those that need it most.

In the video below, Christopher Burns, Senior Coordinator for USAID’s Digital Development for Feed the Future, explains how a redefined Internet of Things might advance livelihoods for rural communities that make up 65% of the total population throughout sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

To learn more about mSTAR and USAID’s focus on the Internet of Things, contact mSTAR_Project@FHI360.org. 

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